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Date: July 20

Maritime transport, a fundamental pillar in the global supply chain, is at an inflection point. With climate change and sustainability at the forefront of global concerns, this sector is faced with the need to adapt and evolve. In this context, sustainable shipping has become a crucial goal for the industry.

Maritime transport represents about 77% of foreign trade and 35% of the total, which underlines its importance in the global economy. However, it is also responsible for 13.5% of all greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector in the European Union, according to the Environmental Report on European Maritime Transport. This data highlights the need for a change towards more sustainable practices.

The path to sustainability in shipping involves several strategies. One of them is carrying out energy audits. These audits can identify areas where companies can improve their operations to become more sustainable. In addition, they can determine the feasibility of using alternative fuels such as natural gas, methanol or e-ammonia.

Another strategy is to update the technology of the ships. The incorporation of energy efficient technologies is crucial to reduce carbon emissions in the maritime industry. Predictive maintenance can extend the life of ships and reduce the need for replacements, which also contributes to sustainability.

Additionally, making ships lighter through advanced materials such as fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) can reduce fuel consumption and emissions. This approach not only improves energy efficiency, but can also increase the cargo capacity of ships.

The adoption of sustainable marine fuels and alternative propulsion systems is also allowing the industry to move towards sustainability. Green hydrogen and ammonia are examples of sustainable marine fuels that are gaining ground in the industry.

Shipping can also benefit from the creation of offshore wind farms. These offshore renewable energy facilities can provide a clean and sustainable energy source for ships.

The road to sustainability in shipping is not without its challenges. However, the ability to adapt to sustainability opens up new opportunities for the sector. Environmentally friendly maritime distribution will be key in the future, and companies that adapt to this change will be better positioned to succeed in the global marketplace.

In conclusion, sustainable shipping is more than a trend; it is a necessity for the future of the industry and the planet. By adopting more sustainable practices, the maritime sector can continue to play its crucial role in the global economy, while contributing to the fight against climate change.

Source: Economía – Revista de actualidad, gestión y turismo